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Profession

Definition

Engineering technology is the part of the technological field that requires the application of scientific and engineering knowledge and methods combined with technical skills in support of engineering activities. Applied science is a discipline of science that applies existing scientific knowledge to develop more practical applications, like technology or inventions.

An engineering technician is primarily trained in the skills and techniques related to a specific branch of engineering, with a practical understanding and has general fundamental engineering concepts. 

An engineering technologist is a specialist dedicated to the development, design, and implementation of engineering and technology.

Exciting Opportunities

The world of engineering technology and applied science offers many exciting opportunities with the diversity of sectors, businesses and roles. Companies and orgnizations in the industry contribute billions of dollars to the Canadian economy and employ over 400,000 engineering technicians and technologists. 

Engineering Technology and Applied Science Disciplines

  • Architectural, building, and construction 
  • Bioscience 
  • Chemical 
  • Computer 
  • Civil 
  • Electrical 
  • Electronics 
  • Environmental 
  • Resources 
  • Mechanical 
  • ​Geomatics 


Type of Work

Engineering technicians solve technical problems. They build or set up equipment, conduct experiments, and collect data and calculate results. They might also help to make a model of new equipment. Some technicians work in quality control, where they check products, do tests, and collect data. In manufacturing, they help to design and develop products. They also find ways to produce things efficiently. There are multiple fields in this job such as; software design, repair, etc. They may also be people who produce technical drawings or engineering drawings.

In general, the work of engineering technologists focuses on the applied and practical application of engineering principles. Engineering technologists are employed in a large and wide array of industries, including manufacturing, construction, industrial, maintenance, and management. They may be hired as managers of technology or engineering, depending on the technologist's educational emphasis on management. Entry-level positions (such as product design, testing, product development, systems development, field engineering, technical operations, and quality control) are all common positions for engineering technology graduates.

Click on the link to check out profiles for an engineering technician and engineering technologist.

Contribution
In 2013-2014, there were 400,000 engineering and applied science technicians and technologists in Canada active across a broad range of industries. These technicians and technologists and contributed $54.7 billion to the economy in 2011 – 3.3% of Canadian GDP.

For more information on the economic contribution of engineering and applied science technicians and technologists in Canada, click on the image below.

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Employment

Engineering technology and applied science technicians and technologists work across a wide range of occupations and industries. 

The employment growth for this occupational group has strongly outpaced overall employment growth for Canada as a whole for the past 15 years, due in part to Canada moving towards a knowledge economy.

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Source: The Conference Board of Canada, Canada's Engineering and Applied Science Technicians and Technologists.

Compensation

Engineering techncians and technologists can earn a very good standard of living. Research clealy indiciates that becoming certified increasing one's earning potential. The following average compensation* figures are from the Salary Survey 2016 - Members Perspective conducted by Ontario Association of Certified Technicians and Technologists.

     Profession Type Average Compensation
Certified Engineering Technologist $93,912
Certified Technician $86,440
Non Certified Technician/Technologist $69,752

 

     Industry Type Average Compensation
Public Sector  $86,804 
Manufacturing  $88,408
Non-manufacturing  $88,563

 

     Role Type Average Compensation
Senior Manager/Director $135,398  
Supervisor $89,615
Technician/Technologist $72,105


* Compensation includes base salary, bonuses, overtime pay, profit sharing. 

Stakeholders

The industry comprises of a number of stakeholders including the following.

  • Businesses, both public and private (see profession page for chart of employment sectors)
  • Educational institutions (see education page for more information)
  • National professional associations (see below)
  • Provincial certifying bodies (see below)
  • Accrediting bodies

Certification

Engineering technology and applied science technicians and technologists may earn a professional designation through their provincial certifying body. This designation can offer significant career and personal benefits. For more information click on the logos below.


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Technology Professionals Canada

Technology Professionals Canada was established in partnership by provincial regulatory bodies in Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario and Saskatchewan. Together these four bodies represrent more than 85% of the technology profesionals in Canada. The bodies' primary function is protect the public by regulating the conduct of engineering technology and applied science professionals. Click on the image below for more information.

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